Connected technologies have clearly displayed the ability to change the fundamentals of whole industries, challenging previous methods and paradigms thanks to its revolutionary implications and technological capabilities.

Environmental sustainability initiatives have absolutely benefited from Internet of Things (IoT) innovations in recent years, as they continue to change at a similar pace to mitigate new and existing threats to the planet. Here are a few ways this vital activity has implemented IoT’s newest and most exciting characteristics.

 

Water and air conservation

In recent years, IoT has seen use as a major leveraging point for both water and air conservation. The former has been achieved through devices like smart irrigation systems and electronic valves, accessed via the cloud, that can distribute water only when it is most needed. The latter, on the other hand, has been revolutionized through the use of IoT-enabled sensors to monitor air quality, track emissions, and collect data to “implement new urban services that can reduce traffic congestion and associated pollution.”

 

Cleaner energy

The maintenance of clean energy remains a primary focal point in sustainability efforts, and IoT is becoming a new tool used in pursuit of this vision. IoT-based establishments like connected facilities, smart buildings, and industry environments are predicated on smarter energy consumption and use. As these structural ambitions spread to smart cities and communities, it is hoped that this approach will only continue to become more widespread.

 

Protection for endangered species

IoT devices are also being used to conserve a variety of endangered species worldwide. Critically threatened species like honey bees and rhinos, for instance, have become focal points within IoT conservation efforts. Bees have been tracked via radio-frequency identification (RFID) in an effort to study their behavior and the threats impacting  the pollination process (such as diseases and certain pesticides). Rhinos, on the other hand, are one of several species driving IoT-based anti-poaching initiatives. Wifi hotspots, CCTV, infrared cameras, and vehicle tracking systems allow certain preserves and parks to “monitor and track people as they enter and exit,” increasing surveillance of potential poaching activity.